新概念英语第二册课堂笔记-第28课

Lesson 28

☆New words and expressions

☆rare adj.罕见(在世界上少有)
rare animal 稀有动物
rare bird 珍稀鸟类
rare illness 疑难杂症
scarce 少有的(在某一地方或某一时间段少有)
Watermelon is scarce in winter
coconut 椰子
steak 牛排
well done 全熟
medium 半生半熟
rare 几乎是生的

☆ancient adj.古代的,古老的
ancient Egypt 古埃及
antique adj.古老而有价值的
n.古董

☆myth n.神话故事
fairy 神仙故事

☆trouble n.麻烦
woman/man troubles 女人/男人真麻烦
child troubles 孩子真麻烦
never trouble troubles until troubles trouble you
永远不要自寻烦恼
Let sleeping dog lie. 不要自找麻烦
ask for trouble 自找麻烦
He is asking for trouble. 他自找麻烦
I'm sorry to put you in trouble.
我很抱歉给你带来麻烦(口语)
have trouble in doing sth. 在做某事上遇到了麻烦
I have trouble (in) parking the car

☆effect n.结果
have an effect 有效果
have no effect 没有效果
have effect on 对...有效果
The advice has no effect on me.

Text

☆one of 其中之一
one of 后面加可数名词的复数
none of ,neither of 做主语时作单数看待

☆believe in 信任,信仰(彻彻底底地相信)
believe sb 相信(某人的话)

☆ever since =since

☆have trouble doing 做...有麻烦
have trouble with sb. 和某人相处有麻烦
I have trouble with my roommate.

☆in the morning 每天早上
in the afternoon 每天下午
at night 每天晚上

☆park a car 停车

☆because of 由于
because 的后面加句子
because of 的后面加词

☆be able to 的主语一般都是人,表示有能力去做

☆get sth. into 把...弄进
get his car into his garage
I drove the car into the wall.
I drove the car into the tree.
drive the car into 把车子撞上某地

☆put up 张贴
put up the picture on the wall 在墙上贴画

☆not any = no

☆I have ever done 一旦作定语从句修饰名词时,这个名词前面往往用最高级
This is the most difficult thing I have ever done.
This is the most terrible news I have ever heard.
有两个结构一定是最高级
1.of 范围
2.in 地点
He is the tallest in the room.
3.I have ever 从句

☆hope that 从句

☆turn sth. to 把前者变成后者
turn the prince to a frog


Special difficulties

☆定语从句

定语从句 句子作定语,一般放在被修饰词后。

关系代词:who,whom,which,that
who 在从句当中作主语或做宾语
whom 只能在从句当中做宾语
which 指物,既可以作主语,又可以作宾语
that 即可以指物,又可以指人,既可以作主语也可以作宾语。
whose 后面一定要加一个名词, 然后这个部分共同作主语或宾语

关系代词有两个功能,一是承上,一是启下
☆如果关系代词在从句中作宾语,关系代词可以省略。

先行词 放在定语从句前面,而且是主句和从句共同含有的一个词,还是被定语从句修饰的词
I have a book that/which he likes.
who 在从句中指代的是单数,就是用单数对待,在从句中指代的是复数,就是复数对待。

如果定语从句中出现了one of作为先行词,它后面的关系代词指代的是后面的复数名词。
如果在one of前面还有一修饰词only,那么后边的关系代词将指代one这个词。
He is the only one those rare people who believes in ancient myths.

☆one of 直接作主语的时候,它是作单数看待
one of the answers is true.
one of those people is good.

使用搜索工具,可以更快找到你想要的资料!

特别推荐
最新资料