新概念英语第二册课堂笔记-第38课

lesson 38

except prep 除了
Mediterranean n (the ~)地中海
complain v 抱怨
continually adv 不断地
bitterly adv 刺骨地
sunshine n 阳光
except /except for /besides /apart from
complain to sb:向某人抱怨
complain of/about:抱怨某事
continuously:连续不断地
continually:连续地,频繁地(时断时续)
the baby cry continually
bitterly cold:刺骨地寒冷
chilly:寒冷的
bitterly disappointed:彻底的失望
a drop of:一缕
a drop of sunshine一缕阳光

text

My old friend, Harrison, had lived in the Mediterranean for many years before. he
returned to England. He had often dreamed of retiring in England and had
planned to settle down in the country. He had no sooner returned than he bought a
fine house and went to live there. Almost immediately he began to complain about
the weather, for even though it was still summer, it rained continually and it was
often bitterly cold. After so many years of sunshine, Harrison got a shock. He acted
as if he had never lived in England before. In the end, it was more than he could
bear. He had hardly had time to settle down when he sold the house and left
the country. The dream he had had for so many years ended there. Harrison had
thought of everything except the weather.

dream of:想,梦见(梦想)
think of:想(思维的活动)
settle down:定居
no sooner...than:(关联词)一...就...
同义as soon as,the moment,on doing
had no sooner done...than一般过去时,固定用法
he had no sooner arrived than he called me up。
no sooner放在句首就要倒装
no sooner had he arrived than he called me up(倒装)
almost immediately:马上(时间上,用于写作)
for:(连词)表示因为(解释说明,附加的)=because因为(一定要说的)
even though--从句的连词,"即使"(让步状语从句)
even though i came here,my mind was absent尽管我人来了,但我还是心不在焉
for+并列句,做主句
so many years:这么多年
after + ...
after seven years of hard work,he was successful
after ten years of staying in abroad,he decided to return and settle down
got a shock:吓了一跳,吃了一惊
as if+句子:似乎,好像
过去完成时,虚拟语气
he acted as if he was poor
even though--even if
as if-- as though
in the end,it was more than he could bear他再也不能忍受
i can't affard it = it was more than i can affard
hardly...when...:还没来得及...就...;用法同no sooner ... than
hardly had sb done
have time to do sth:有时间做某事
i have no time to talk with you。
i have time enough to have coffee
knock out:打晕,击倒
he had hardly opened his eyes when he was knocked out
the dream ended
except:除...外

key structures
过去完成时
no sooner...than...
hardly...when...

special difficulties:
a.no sooner...than...
hardly...when...
b.country(国家,乡间)
countryside(农村)景色 seaside
in the country:在乡下住

multiple choice
5. not any more 不再
not any longer
not any further
not more = less比...少
not longer不是更长
4. as if = as though
act as if/though习惯用法
as if 是宾语从句
as 后面可以加句子,like 后面加词
even if即使
11. do as id did 按我所做的做
seem as if看起来象什么
act as if
look as if看起来象什么
conduct可以做动词,表示行为,=behave
不及物动词,如果作及物动词,加oneself
他表现的很好,he conducted himself well
he behaved as well

in a bad state 状态不太好
though 虽然,even though 即使=even if
这些词出现在两句之间,就不再加but
worn out 破旧不堪的
engine发动机
gearbox变速箱
sawdust木头屑子
not only出现在句首要倒装
the engine was not only worn out but the gearbox was full of sawdust

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