新概念英语第二册课堂笔记-第39课

lesson 39
operation n 手术
exchange n (电话的)交换局
successful adj 成功的
inquire v 询问,打听
following adj 下一个
certain adj 某个
patient n 病人
called n 打电话的人
alone adj 独自的
relative n 亲戚

第二天the next day,the following day
第二个星期the next week,the following week
alone 强调人孤单一个
home alone独自在家
leave me alone我烦着呢,别理我
inquire sth of sb 从某人那打听
insquire about sth
some+可数名词单数时表示某个
certain 后面的东西不能定
a certain boy
two certain boys
certain根据它前面的数量来定
某一个a certain+n
某两个two certain +n(复数)
for some reason由于某个理由

text

While John Gilbert was in hospital, he asked his doctor to tell him whether his
operation had been successful, but the doctor refused to do so. The following
day, the patient asked for a bedside tele-phone. When he was alone, he telephoned
the hospital exchange and asked for Doc-tor Millington. When the doctor answered
the phone, Mr Gilbert said he was in-quiring about a certain patient, a Mr
John Gilbert. He asked if Mr Gilbert's operation had been successful and the
doctor told him that it had been. He then asked when Mr Gilbert would be allowed
to go home and the doctor told him that he would have to stay in hospital for an-
other two weeks. Then Dr Millington asked the caller if he was a relative of the
patient.' No,' the patient answered,' I am Mr John Gilbert.'


key structures
如果直接引语是问句,变为间接引语时,主句不说e said,而用he asked
told可以跟问句连,还可以跟陈述句连
祈使句:唯一不以从句方式表达的
tell sb to do sth
ask sb to do sth
以that引导的是陈述句
has my operation been successful?

1、certain 前加数字表某几个
2、following取代next
3、alone表示单独的,客观事实上的
a+人名前面,表示某一个拥有这个特征的人

multiple choice questions
7、a、has done 已经做的
b、must do必须做的
c、must be doing
must 后面+原形,+be doing,+have done属于推测句型的三种结构
must+v(原形):1、=have to 不得不
2、很可能,对现在或者将来的推测
must be doing对说话的当时的正在进行的行为的推测
must have done对过去的事情的推测
must have been doing对过去的正在进行的动作的推测
11、on one's own = alone
of one's own 某人自己的
12、knowledge学问
information信息,不可数名词
message可数名词
3、take sb to hospital送某人去医院
5、for what 因为...在疑问句中=why
ask for 要求得到

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