新概念英语第二册课堂笔记-第51课

新概念英语第二册课堂笔记 第五十一课

lesson 51

reward n 报偿
virtue n 美德
diet n 节食
forbid v 禁止
forbidden
hurriedly adj 匆忙地
embarrass v 使尴尬
guiltily adv 内疚地
strict adj 严格的
reward v 给奖赏
occasionally adv 偶而地
give sb reward给...报偿
reward sb with sth用...奖赏...
reward sb for sth因为...给某人奖赏
...reward him for the first prize
strongpoints 长处,merit优点
shortpoints短处 weak points弱点
go on a diet
be on a diet
forbid sb to do sth:禁止某人做某事
allow sb to do允许某人做某事
Forbidden City
lost:一个动词地过去分词可以作为形容词用
broken glass被打破地玻璃
embarrassing:令人尴尬地
embarrassed:感到尴尬
sth embarrass sb
you embarrassed me你让我感到尴尬
embarrassment
to my embarrassment让我感到尴尬的
be strict with sb
my father is strict with me
be strict in sth
on the occasion偶尔
sometimes偶尔
at times偶尔
How often do you visit your parents
off and on偶尔
now and again偶尔

text

My friend, Herbert, has always been fat,
but things got so bad recently that he de-
cided to go on a diet. He began his diet
a week ago. First of all, he wrote out a
long list of all the foods which were for-
bidden. The list included most of the
things Herbert loves: butter, potatoes,
rice, beer, milk, chocolate, and sweets.
Yesterday I paid him a visit. I rang the
bell and was not surprised to see that
Herbert was still as fat as ever. He led me
into his room and hurriedly hid a large
parcel under his desk. It was obvious that
he Was very embarrassed. When I asked
him what he was doing, he smiled guiltily
and then put the parcel on the desk. He
explained that his diet was so strict that he had to reward himself occasionally.
Then he showed me the contents of the parcel. It contained five large bars of
chocolate and three bags of sweets!

First of all首先,首要 at first首先
write out 写出
included contain一定是容器里面装
most of 大部分 fatten:使某人长胖
pay sb a visit 拜访某人pay a visit to call at拜访某地
pay you a visit
have a visit=visit
as...as ever像往常一样... as clean as ever
be surprised to do
lead sb into(进门) show sb out(出门) see sb off(送行)
obviously = it was obvious that

letter writing
如果给一个不很熟悉的人写信,应按如下方式开头:亲爱的布朗先生
对对方熟悉,但是为了表示一种尊重

raise及物动词
rise:不能加宾语
lay:及物动词 lie不及物
beat后面接对手 win不能接对手

multiple choices
4、有ago的词,一定不用完成时,用一般过去时

11、半联系动词:be动词
感官动词feel,smell...
get:变得,become,
lie
feel+adj
shy:害羞的(习惯性的,在某一种情况下就会作出的反应)
shame:(n)羞愧
shameful:令人羞愧的
ashamed:感到羞愧的
hot热的,恼火的
uncomfortable:不舒服的

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