以a-开头的形容词用法新探

以a-开头的形容词用法新探 • aground

本站特约作者 李翔

一、aground 的用法

■基本义:(指船)搁浅 (of ships) touching the bottom in shallow water

■作表语。例如:

The tanker was / went / ran aground. 油船搁浅了。

We were winning the boat race until our boat went aground (on an sand bank). 我们快要赢得这次赛艇比赛时,突然我们的船搁浅了。

When it ran aground, they lost heart. 当战争遇到挫折时,他们就失去了信心。

■作宾语补足语。例如:

However, one of them woke sooner than the other, finding the boat too fast aground for him to stir it.后来,两个人中的一个比另外一个先醒过来,看见小船已经搁了浅,推又推不动。

■作后置定语 例如:

a ship aground offshore 在岸边搁浅的轮船

二、aground 的搭配

be / get / go / run aground (船)搁浅, 触礁; 受阻

Their plans for building a dormitory have run aground as they are short of money. 因为资金短缺,他们建一座宿舍的计划搁浅了。

Oil is gushing from the tanker which ran aground on the reef. 原油正不断地从那条触礁的油船里涌出来。

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