以a-开头的形容词用法新探·akin

以a-开头的形容词用法新探·akin

一、akin的用法

1. 基本词义:近似,有关系(similar; related)

2. 作表语。如:

Pity and love are closely akin. 怜悯近乎爱。

Listening to his life story is akin to reading a good adventure novel. 听他的生活经历近乎读一部冒险小说。

3. 作宾语补足语。如:

They debase the polished and current language of books, by the vile alloy of provincial idioms, and colloquial barbarism, the shame of grammar, making it akin to any language, rather than English. 他们公然想使文学沦为俗流,用乱七八糟的方言、粗野的土话、难登大雅之堂的文法以败坏现今出版物中典雅的文字,使之不伦不类,就是不像英文。

4. 作后置定语。例如:

They speak a language akin to French. 他们说一种近乎法语的语言。

二、akin的搭配

1. 用于be akin to sth,如:

My friend's feelings are akin to mine. 我那位朋友的感受和我相近。

2. 用于closely akin,如:

This game is closely akin to rugby. 这种运动非常类似橄榄球。

3. 用于somewhat akin,如:

But actually drawing the stripe — a winner of multiple Emmy Awards for technical achievement — is a high-tech trick somewhat akin to the “blue screen” used to superimpose computer-generated maps behind television weather forecasters. 但真正画出这条线的是某种高科技手法(曾多次获得艾美奖的技术成就奖),有点类似电视气象报告中用来叠印在电脑地图上的“蓝幕”技术。

4. something akin to sth,如:

Huei-fang just stood there and gazed at them, while an indescribable mixture of feelings tumbled through her mind: something akin to gladness — or was it desolation? It was both of these and a sort of empty, yearning besides. 四小姐看得呆了;像是快慰,又像是悲怆,更像是异常酸痒的味儿一齐在她心里翻滚!

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