哪些动词接doing和to do意思相同

哪些动词接doing和to do意思相同

一、用法归纳

有的动词既可接不定式作宾语,也可接动名词作宾语,且含义基本相同,这类动词数量非常有限,在中学英语中主要有like(喜欢),love(喜欢),hate(憎恨),prefer(宁可),begin(开始),start(开始),continue(继续),can’t bear(不能忍受),intend(打算),bother(麻烦),attempt(试图),cease(停止)等。如:

I like being [to be] with her. 我喜欢与她在一起。

Children love playing [to play]. 儿童爱玩。

Our boss hates to be delayed [being delayed]. 我们老板对耽搁时间很反感。

I prefer staying [to stay] indoors on cold winter evenings. 在冬天的夜晚我宁愿呆在家里。

She began playing [to play] the guitar when she was six. 她6岁开始弹吉他。

It has started to rain [raining]. 开始下雨了。

They continued to meet [meeting] every day. 他们继续每天都见面。

He can’t bear travelling [to travel] by sea. 他坐不了海船。

He intends to buy [buying] a house. 他打算买一所房子。

Don’t bother to lock [locking] the door. 别费事锁门了。

Don’t attempt doing [to do] it by yourself. 不要企图一个人去做这件事。

She never ceased complaining [to complain] about prices. 她没完没了地抱怨物价。

二、用法注意

1. 当 like, love, hate, prefer 与 would, should 连用时,其后只能接不定式,不能接动名词——因为这样用时,它是表示特定的想法,而非一般性喜好。如:

I’d like to go with them. 我想同他们一起去。

I’d love to have a word with you. 我想同你说句话。

2. 当begin, start, cease, continue等动词本身为-ing形式时,其后通常要用不定式,不用动名词,因为两个-ing形式的重复让人听起来会觉得别扭。如:

It is ceasing to rain. 雨快停了(www.qiewo.com)。

He was beginning to recover when he had another attack. 他正在开始恢复时,突然病又发作了。

We’re starting to get invited to some of the neighbours’ parties. 我们正开始受到邀请,参加一些邻居家的聚会。

3. 当begin, cease, start, continue等与see(明白), know(知道), realize(意识到), understand(理解)等状态动词连用时,其后通常要用不定式,不用动名词。如:

I soon began to understand what was happening. 我很快开始明白了正在发生什么事。

I am beginning to realize why he acted as he did. 我现在刚刚开始明白他为什么那样做。

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